The discipline of comparative theology is steadily growing and diversifying beyond its origin within Christian and predominantly Roman Catholic theological circles. Practitioners of comparative theology are now increasingly Christians of other denominations as well as those in other non-Christian religious traditions. Comparative theologians, as scholars of another religious tradition, are open to recognizing other religions as possible sources of truth and revelation that might inform and enhance truth through theological reflection, while maintaining the basic and meaningful commitments to the moral matrix of the scholar’s point of inquiry. The discipline has developed a diversity of approaches and methods, while leading by its very nature to wide theological diversity.
We also recommend Michelle Voss Robert’s introduction to the discipline and its import as an introductory means to the study of theology in Comparing Faithfully: Insights for Systematic Theological Reflections, eds. M. Voss Roberts (New York: Fordham University, 2016), 1–22.
For the pioneering survey of the contemporary field, see Francis X. Clooney, S.J., “The Emerging Field of Comparative Theology: A Bibliographical Review (1989-95),” Theological Studies 56.3 (September, 1995): 521–50.